Biology: Cells, Tissues and Organs, Reproduction, Ecology, Classification of animals and plants
Chemistry: acids and alkalis, chemical reactions, states of mater
Physics: energy and fuels, electrical circuits, forces, The Solar System


Biology: Digestive system and balanced diets, Respiratory and Circulatory System, More Ecology
Chemistry: Solutions, Elements and Compounds, More chemical reactions, Rock Cycle
Physics: Heat transfers, More forces, Light, Sound


Biology: genetics, human body (putting it all together), plants, forensics
Chemistry: Properties of materials, More chemical reactions (acid reactions, displacement reactions, reactivity series), chemical equations, pollution and global warming
Physics: More energy, More electricity, Space, Motion, Pressure, Electromagnetic spectrum


GCSE Core Science Biology topics:

Keeping Healthy – diet, exercise, health and disease, medicines, immunity.
Coordination and Control – nervous system, fertility hormonal control, and homeostasis.
Medicines and Drugs – developing new medicines, types of drugs including drugs in sport.
Adaptation – plant and animal adaptation / competition, measuring and evaluating environmental changes.
Energy in Biomass – pyramids of numbers, mass, biomass, decay processes and the carbon cycle.
Variation, Reproduction and New Technology – inheritance, variation, cloning techniques and genetic engineering.
Evolution – theories including Darwin and Lamarck, natural selection, classification and evolution.

GCSE Core Science Chemistry topics:

Fundamental ideas – Elements and compounds, atomic structure, bonding, chemical equations.
Rocks and building materials – limestone chemistry
Metals and their uses – metal extraction, iron and steel, aluminium and titanium, copper.
Crude oil and fuels – Fractional distillation, burning, pollution issues, alternative fuels.
Product from Oil – Cracking, polymers and polymer waste, ethanol.
Plant oils – extraction, cooking with oil, emulsions
Our changing planet – structure of the earth, plate tectonics, evolution of the atmosphere.

GCSE Core Science Physics topics:

Energy – radiation, conduction, convection, changes of state, heating and insulating buildings, forms of energy, conservation of energy, energy efficiency.
Electricity – electrical appliances, power, using electrical energy, generating electricity, energy and the environment, the National grid
Waves – measuring waves, reflection, refraction, diffraction, sound, electromagnetic spectrum, communications, Big Bang

GCSE Additional Science Biology topics:

Cells, Tissues and Organs – cell specialisation, diffusion, organ systems.
Organisms in the Environment – photosynthesis, limiting factors, organisms in their environment, measuring and validating data from experiments.
Enzymes – proteins, enzyme and factors on enzyme activity, digestion enzymes, industry enzymes.
Energy from Respiration – aerobic respiration, effect of exercise, anaerobic respiration.
Simple Inheritance – cell division; mitosis, meiosis, stem cell, inheriting traits and ethics of using stem cells
Old and New Species – origins of life, fossils, extinction, isolation and evolution of new species.

GCSE Additional Science Chemistry topics:

Structure and bonding – ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
Structure and properties – giant ionic, giant covalent, simple molecular, giant metallic, polymers, and nanoscience.
Quantitative chemistry – moles, calculations using formulae and equations, yield, reversible reactions, simple titrations, instrumental analysis.
Rates and energy – collision theory, factors effecting rates of reaction, endothermic and exothermic reactions
Salts and electrolysis -  acids, alkalis and salts, products from electrolysis, extraction of aluminium, electrolysis of brine, electroplating.

GCSE Additional Science Physics topics:

Motion – distance, velocity, acceleration
Forces – resultant forces, force and acceleration, gravity
Work, energy and momentum – work, GPE, kinetic energy, momentum
Electricity – electrical charges, series and parallel circuits, resistance, current, potential difference, a.c. current, fuses, cables and plugs
Radioactivity – types of radiation, nuclear reactions, half-life, fission, fusion, formation of elements, stars

GCSE Separate Science Biology topics:

Exchange of Materials – osmosis, active transport, lung function and breathing aids, exchange in plants (transpiration) and animals (gut).
Transporting Materials – heart structure and function, support systems, transport systems in plants.
Keeping Internal Conditions Constant – homeostasis, kidney structure and function, controlling body temperature and controlling blood glucose levels (inc treatment of diabetes).
Human affecting the Environment – increasing population demands, pollution (air, land and water), deforestation, global warming, biofuels, sustainable food production and environmental issues.

GCSE Separate Science Chemistry topics:

The periodic table – history, group 1, group 7, transition metals
Water – hard water, water treatment
Energy calculations – burning fuels, energy in solutions, energy level diagrams, bond energies
Analysis and synthesis – tests for ions, titrations, equilibria, the Haber Process
Organic chemistry – alcohols, carboxylic acids and esters.

GCSE Separate Science Physics topics:

Medical physics – x-rays, ultrasound, endoscope, lenses and the eye
Using physics to make things work – moments, centre of mass hydraulics, circular motion, the pendulum
Using magnetic fields – electromagnets, motors, transformers.



Topic (KS4 Science – BTEC L1/L2 Principles of Science )

10 & 11

Unit 1: Principles of Science

Learning aim A: Explore cells, organs and genes
Learning aim B: Explore the roles of the nervous and endocrine systems in homeostasis and communication
Learning aim C: Explore atomic structure and the periodic table
Learning aim D: Explore substances and chemical reactions
Learning aim E: Explore the importance of energy stores, energy transfers and energy transformations
Learning aim F: Explore the properties and applications of waves in the electromagnetic spectrum

Unit 2: Chemistry and Our Earth

Learning aim A: Investigate chemical reactivity and bonding
Learning aim B: Investigate how the uses of chemical substances depend on their chemical and physical properties
Learning aim C: Investigate the factors involved in the rate of chemical Reactions
Learning aim D: Understand the factors that are affecting the Earth and its Environment

Unit 3: Energy and Our Universe

Learning aim A: Understand ionising radiation, its uses and sources
Learning aim B: Know how electrical energy produced from different sources can be transferred through the National Grid to homes and industry
Learning aim C: Know the components of the Solar System, the way the Universe is changing and the methods we use to explore space

Unit 4: Biology and Our Environment

Learning aim A: Investigate the relationships that different organisms have with each other and with their environment
Learning aim B: Demonstrate an understanding of the effects of human activity on the environment and how these effects can be measured
Learning aim C: Explore the factors that affect human health


Topic (KS4 Science – Entry Level Certificate of Science (AQA)


ELC Biology
Component 1 (Keeping Healthy)
ELC Chemistry
Component 3 (Materials from the Earth)
ELC Physics
Component 6 (Electricity and Waves)


ELC Biology
Component 2 (Inheritance, Evolution and the Environment)
ELC Chemistry
Component 4 (Oils, Earth and Atmosphere)
ELC Component 5 (Energy transfer and efficiency)